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Pakistan | Family List | Solanaceae | Lycium

1. Lycium ruthenicum Murray, Comment. Soc. Sci. Gotting. 2:9-13. 1779. Boiss., Fl. Or. 4:290. 1879; Clarke, l. c. 241; Feinburn in Collect. Bot. 574. 1968; Schoenbeck-Temesy, l. c. 31; Baytop, l.c. 448.


  • Lycium annatum Griffith
  • Lycium edgeworthii* Miers
  • Lycium foliosum Stocks
  • Lycium tataricum Pall.

    A spiny shrub up to 180 cm tall. Shoots greyish to white, glabrous. Leaves 6-25 x 1-1.5 mm, linear to aciculate or spathulate, fasciculate, cylindrical, obtuse; spines up to 10 mm long. Flowers axillary solitary or paired. Pedicel 3-4 mm long, up to 7 mm in fruit, slender. Calyx 2.5-3.5 mm long, campanulate to broad tubular, shallow. Lobes c. 1 mm long, obtuse or acute, often minutely ciliolate. Corolla infundibuliform, tube 5-7 mm long; lobes c. 1/3 the tube size, obtuse, throat pubescent. Stamens exserted to subexserted; filaments slender, base pubescent. Berry globose, 5-8 mm broad, black. Seeds reniform, c. 2 mm long, brown.

    Fl. Per.: June-August.

    Type: Described from cultivated material of unknown origin (Holo.Goet? iso. BM).

    Distribution: S. E. Russia, Caucasus, Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan (Baltistan and Baluchistan), Mongolia and Tibet.

    The species can readily be distinguished by the narrow leaves, whitish stems and black berries. A spiny shrub of dry areas from 1500-2600 m.


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