All Floras      Advanced Search
Page 50 Login | eFloras Home | Help
Pakistan | Family List | Acanthaceae | Barleria

4. Barleria cristata L., Sp. Pl. 636. 1753. Sims in Bot. Mag. 39. t. 1615.1814; Nees in Wall., Pl. Asiat. Rar. 3: 92. 1832; in DC., l.c. 229; Wight, Icon Ind. Or. t. 453. 1841; Clarke in Hook. f., l.c. 488; Cooke, Fl. Pres. Bomb. 2: 460. 1906; Bamber, Punj. Pl. 168. 1916; Parker, For. Fl. Punj. 3rd. ed. 380.1956; Stewart in Nasir & Ali, l.c.

Vern.: Tadrelu, Bansa Siyah.


  • Barleria ciliata Roxb.
  • Barleria dichotoma Roxb.
  • Barleria napalensis Nees

    An erect, up to 1.5 m tall, much branched, unarmed shrublet with appressedly hairy twigs, densely so at the nodes, Leaves with 1-2 cm long, hairy petiole; lamina elliptic-oblong to lanceolate, 3-12.5 cm x 1-3.5 cm, hairy both surfaces, attenuate at the base, entire, apically acute-acuminate. Flowers purple blue or pink or white, 4.5-5 cm long, in short, 1-5-flowered, axillary or terminal spikes; bracts absent or lanceolate, 8-12 mm long, bristly on margins, scabrous, acute; bracteoles absent. Calyx deeply 4-cleft, outer 2 lobes much larger than the inner pair, ovate-lanceolate, 1.5-2.5 cm x 6-8 (-10) mm, acuminate, bristly toothed on margins, hairy or glabrescent, inner 2-lobes linear, 7-8 mm long, pointed. Corolla glandular-pubescent outside, tube 3.5-4 cm long, infundibuliform, limb with oblong-obovate, up to 2 cm long, unequal lobes. Filaments hairy, anthers oblong, c. 3 mm long. Ovary oblong-conical, mm long; style c. 4 cm long. Capsule ellipsoid, 1.5-2 cm long, glabrous, pointed at the base and apex, 4-seeded. Seeds orbicular, c. 4 mm across, appressed hairy.

    Fl. Per.: November-February.

    Type: Described from India, Herb. Linn. 805/4 (LINN).

    Distribution: S. China, Nepal, Burma, Indo-China, Philippines, Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka and Pakistan.

    Often cultivated in gardens for its showy flowers.


    Related Objects  

    Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal  
  • Image/JPEG
  • Image/JPEG
    Flora of China  
  • Illustration
  • Illustration
  • Image/JPEG (Harvard University Herbaria)
  • Image/JPEG
    Photos by The Biodiversity of the Hengduan Mountains Project  
  • Image/JPEG (Richard H. Ree)
  • Image/JPEG
  • Image File (David Boufford)
  • Image/JPEG
  • Image File (yuejipei)
  • Image/JPEG

  •  |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |