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Pakistan | Family List | Pandanaceae | Pandanus

Pandanus tectorius Parkinson in Journ. Voy. S. Seas. 46. 1773. Der Naturforscher 4: 250. 1774; St. John in Biol. Journ. Linn. Soc. 4: 305. 1972; Stone in Kew Bull., 31: 57. 1976; Fosberg in Kew Bull. 31: 837. 1977; Stone in Dass. & Fosb., Fl. Ceyl. 3: 320: 1981.

English: Screwpine.

Vern.: Kewra.


A gregarious shrub, up to 7 m high with bent stems supported by aerial roots. Leaves ensiform, caudate-acuminate, 0.75-1.75 m long, margin spinose, spines pointing forward. Inflorescence axillary. Male flowers: a cylindric spike of numerous flowers, 4-11 x 2-2.5 cm, enveloped in white fragrant spathes; anthers longer than filament, basifixed. Female flowers: carpels in groups of (4-) 6-16; stigmas short, reniform. Drupe an aggregate of phalanges, 15-25 cm long.

Pl. Per.: March-June.

Type: Described from Tahiti (fide Stone in Kew Bull. 31: 57. 1976).

Distribution: Pakistan, India, Burma, Sri Lanka, Andaman, New Hebrides, Tahiti and Australia.

It seems either that female plants are very rare or do not exist in our area, as none were encountered during the study.


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