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Pakistan | Family List | Poaceae | Brachiaria

Brachiaria ramosa (Linn.) Stapf in Prain, Fl. Trop. Afr. 9:542. 1919. Blatter & McCann, Bombay Grasses 134. 1935; Bor, Fl. Assam 5:277. 1940; Sultan & Stewart, Grasses W. Pak. 1:34. 1958; Bor, Grasses Burma Ceyl. Ind. Pak. 284. 1960; Bor in Rech.f., Fl. Iran. 70:478. 1970.

  • Panicum petiveri Trin.
  • Panicum ramosum Linn.
  • Urochloa ramosa (Linn.) Nguyen

    Loosely tufted annual; culms 10-70 cm high. Leaf-blades broadly linear, 2-25 cm long, 4-14 mm wide. Inflorescence of 3 racemes borne on an axis 3-10 cm long; racemes 1-8 cm long, simple or the longest with branchlets at the base, bearing mostly paired loosely contiguous spikelets appressed to the triquetrous rhachis; pedicels shorter than the spikelets, 1-2 mm long. Spikelets elliptic to broadly elliptic, 2.5-3.5 mm long, glabrous or pubescent, acute to cuspidate, with or without a stipe up to 0.5 mm long; lower glume a third to half the length of the spikelet; upper glume and lower lemma membranous, or rarely the latter coriaceous; upper lemma rugose, subacute to acute.

    Fl. & Fr. Per.: July-October.

    Type: India, cult. at Uppsala (LINN).

    Distribution: Pakistan (Sind, Baluchistan, Punjab, N.W.F.P. & Kashmir): Senegal to Yemen and southwards to Malawi, Rhodesia and South Africa; tropical Asia.


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