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Pakistan | Family List | Poaceae | Briza

Briza maxima Linn., Sp. Pl. 1:70. 1753. Boiss., Fl. Or. 5:593. 1884; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 7:336. 1896; Sultan & Stewart, Grasses W. Pak. 2:171.1959; Bor, Grasses Burma Ceyl. Ind. Pak. 527. 1960; Tzvelev, Poaceae URSS 521. 1976; Tutin in Tutin et al., Fl. Eur. 5:173. 1980.

Annual; culms 10-60 cm high, loosely tufted or solitary, erect or geniculately ascending, slender. Leaf-blades 5-20 cm long, 3-8 mm wide, flat, minutely rough on the margins; ligule 2-5 mm long. Panicle 3-10 cm long, loose, nodding, bearing up to 12 spikelets on capillary pedicels. Spikelets 7-20-flowered, ovate to oblong, plump, 14-25 mm long and 8-15 mm wide, glabrous or minutely hairy, pale green, silvery or suffused with reddish-brown or purple; lemma 6-8 mm long, very broad, rounded on the back, obtuse.

Fl. & Fr. Per.: May-August.

Type: Italy,? Seguier (LINN).

Distribution: Pakistan (Punjab, introduced); Mediterranean region; naturalised in many warm temperate countries.

An extremely attractive grass widely cultivated as an ornamental (Large Quaking-grass) and frequently escaping.


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