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Pakistan | Family List | Poaceae | Chloris

Chloris gayana Kunth, Rev. Gram. 1:293, t.58. 1830. Blatter & McCann, Bombay Grasses 258. 1935; Bor, Fl. Assam 5:123. 1940; Sultan & Stewart, Grasses W. Pak. 2:270. 1959; Bor, Grasses Burma Ceyl. Ind. Pak. 466. 1960; Bor in Towns., Guest & Al-Rawi, Fl. Iraq 9:452. 1968; Bor in Rech. f., Fl. Iran. 70: 447. 1970; Tzvelev, Poaceae URSS 640. 1976.

  • Chloris abyssinica Hochst. ex A. Rich.
  • Chloris glabrata Anderss.
  • Eustachys gayana (Kunth) Mundy

    Perennial; culms 05 to over 2 m high, stoloniferous, erect or ascending, occasionally rooting at the lower nodes, glabrous below the inflorescence. Leaf-blades flat, rarely involute, (15-)25-50 cm long, (1.5)3-9 mm wide, tapering towards the apex. Inflorescence of (5-)7-20 digitate, ascending to spreading spikes 4-15 cm long. Spikelets 34-flowered, 2-awned; lower glume 1.2-2.5 mm long; upper glume 2-4 mm long including the awn-point, lowest lemma lanceolate in side-view, 2.5-3.5 mm long, pallid, sparsely to densely ciliate on the margins and keel, the awn 2-10 mm long; callus rounded, ciliate; 2nd lemma projecting from the side of the lowest lemma, lanceolate, 1.5-3 mm long, ciliate on the margins (but often obscurely so), the awn 1.5-5.5 mm long; 3rd lemma reduced to a scabrid, oblong or clavate awnless scale 0.75-2.5 mm long; 4th lemma, if present, reduced to a clavate awnless scale less than 1 mm long.

    Type: Senegal, Herb. Gay 21 & 40 (K).

    Distribution: Pakistan (Sind & Punjab, introduced); from Senegal eastwards to the Sudan and south to South Africa, in open grassland and Savannah.

    Rhodes’ Grass has been introduced into India and Pakistan where it is a valuable fodder grass. It is badly affected by frost.


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