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Pakistan | Family List | Poaceae | Chloris

Chloris virgata Sw., Fl. Ind. Occ. 1:203. 1797. Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 7:291. 1896; Blatter & McCann, Bombay Grasses 255. 1935; Bor, Fl. Assam 5:123. 1940; Tackholm & Drar, Fl. Egypt 1:385. 1941; Sultan & Stewart, Grasses W. Pak. 2:271. 1959; Bor, Grasses Burma Ceyl. Ind. Pak.468. 1960; Bor in Towns., Guest & Al-Rawi, Fl. Iraq 9:450. 1968; Bor in Rech.f., Fl. Iran. 70:446. 1970; Tzvelev, Poaceae URSS 640. 1976.

  • Chloris alba Presl
  • Chloris compressa DC.
  • Chloris decora Nees ex Steud.
  • Chloris elegans H.B.K.
  • Chloris meccana Hochst. & Steud. ex Schlechtend.
  • Chloris penicellata Willd. ex Steud.
  • Chloris pubescens Lag.
  • Chloris virgata var. elegans (H.B.K.) Stapf
  • Rhabdochloa virgata (Sw.) P. Beauv.

    Annual; culms up to 1 m high, erect or geniculately ascending, occasionally rooting at the lower nodes, glabrous below the inflorescence. Leaf-blades flat, (5-) 10-30 cm long, 2.6 mm wide, tapering at the apex; basal sheaths strongly keeled and often flabellate. Inflorescence of 4-12 digitate, spreading, feathery spikes 2-10 cm long. Spikelets (2-)3-flowered, 2-awned; lower glume 1.5-2.5 mm long; upper glume 2.5-4.5 mm long including the short awn-point if present; lowest lemma obliquely obovate in side view, 254 mm long, pallid or dark, ciliate along the margins, keel and flanks, with a crown of hairs 1.5-4 mm long, the awn 5-15 mm long; callus rounded, ciliate; 2nd lemma slightly projecting from the side of the lowest lemma, oblong, 2-2.5 mm long, glabrous, with an awn 5-12 mm long; 3rd lemma an awnless clavate scale 0.5-1.2 mm long.

    Fl. & Fr. Per: April-November.

    Type: Antigua, Swartz (S).

    Distribution: Pakistan (Baluchistan); widely distributed throughout the tropics of both hemispheres.

    From sea-level to 3500 m. According to Duthie this species, known in North America as Feather Finger-grass, is one of the characteristic grasses of the saline or usar tracts of Northwest India and Baluchistan and is reputed to be a good fodder grasses.


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