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Pakistan | Family List | Poaceae | Eragrostis

Eragrostis pilosa (Linn.) P. Beauv., Ess. Agrost. 162, 175. 1812. Boiss., Fl. Or. 5:581. 1884; Duthie, Fodder Grasses 64. 1888; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 7:323. 1896; Blatter & McCann, Bombay Grasses 241. 1935; Bor, Fl. Assam 5:103. 1940; Sultan & Stewart, Grasses W. Pak. 2:235. 1959; Bor, Grasses Burma Ceyl. Ind. Pak. 512. 1960; Bor in Towns., Guest & Al-Rawi, Fl. Iraq 9:447. 1968; Bor in Rech.f., Fl. Iran. 70:429. 1970; Tzvelev, Poaceae URSS 632. 1976; Tutin in Tutin et al., Fl. Eur. 5:257. 1980.

Vern.: Nika sanwak.

  • Eragrostis tenuiflora Rupr. ex Steud.
  • Eragrostis verticillata (Cay.) Roem. & Schult.
  • Poa pilosa Linn.
  • Poa verticillata Cay.

    Loosely tufted annual; culms 8-70 cm high, erect or ascending. Leaf-blades flat, 2-20 cm long, 14 mm wide. Panicle elliptic to ovate, 4-25 cm long, open, the lowest branches whorled (except in the smallest panicles) and nearly always with a few long white hairs in the axils. Spikelets 4-14-flowered, linear, 3-7 mm long, 0.7-1.2 mm wide, purplish-green, the florets ± appressed to the rhachilla, breaking up from the base, the rhachilla persistent; glumes hyaline, unequal, the lower a narrowly ovate nerveless scale 0.5-0.7 mm long, the .upper ovate, 1 mm long, with a single indistinct nerve; lemmas broadly ovate, 1-1.6 mm long, obtuse to subacute; palea falling soon after the lemma (usually persistent in temperate regions), the keel scaberulous; anthers 3, 0.2-0.3 mm long. Caryopsis ellipsoid with one side straight, 0.6-1 mm long, somewhat laterally compressed.

    Fl. & Fr. Per. July-October.

    Type: Italy, Triumfettus..

    Distribution: Pakistan (Sind, Baluchistan, Punjab & N.W.F.P.); tropical and warm temperate regions of the Old World; introduced to the New World.

    Hairy or India Lovegrass is considered to be good fodder and is enjoyed by buffaloes.


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