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Pakistan | Family List | Poaceae | Eragrostis

Eragrostis tenella (Linn.) P. Beauv. ex Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 2:576. 1817. Duthie, Fodder Grasses 65. 1888; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 7:315. 1896; Blatter & McCann, Bombay Grasses 232. 1935; Bor, Fl. Assam 5:96. 1940; Sultan & Stewart, Grasses W. Pak. 2:231. 1959; Bor, Grasses Burma Ceyl. Ind. Pak. 513. 1960; Bor in Rech.f., Fl. Iran. 70:428. 1970.

Vern.: Bharbhuri.

  • Eragrostis amabilis Wight & Arn. ex Nees
  • Eragrostis plumosa (Retz.) Link
  • Eragrostis tenella var. plumosa (Retz.) Stapf
  • Poa amabilis Linn.
  • Poa plumosa Retz.
  • Poa tenella Linn.

    Delicate tufted annual; culms 6-50 cm high, erect or geniculately ascending. Leaf-blades flat, up to 9 cm long and 4 mm wide. Panicle elliptic or pyramidal (but in var. insularis C.E. Hubbard in Kew Bull. 1939: 654. 1939, which has not yet been found in Pakistan, the panicle is linear and slender), 2-14 cm long, open, hairy in the axils or not, the branches spreading and bearing oblong yellowish glands but not sticky. Spikelets 4-8-flowered, oblong-ovate, 1.5-2.5 mm long, breaking up from the apex, the rhachilla fragile; glumes ovate to narrowly ovate, subequal, 0.5-1 mm long, acute; lemmas ovate-oblong, 0.7-1 mm long, smooth or scaberulous, broadly obtuse; palea-keels ciliate with hairs 0.1-0.3 mm long, normally shorter than the width of the adjacent floret; anthers 3, 0.2 mm long. Caryopsis ellipsoid, 0.5 mm long.

    Fl. & Fr. Per.: March-September.

    Type: India (LINN).

    Distribution: Pakistan (Sind, Punjab & Kashmir); throughout the tropics.

    Eragrostis tenella is eaten by cattle both fresh and dry. The grain is said to be very nutritious.


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