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Pakistan | Family List | Poaceae | Milium

Milium effusum Linn., Sp. Pl. 1:61. 1753. Boiss., Fl. Or. 5:510.1884; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 7:235.1896; Sultan & Stewart, Grasses W. Pak. 2:347.1959; Bor, Grasses Burma Ceyl. Ind. Pak. 593.1960; Bor in Rech, f., Fl. Iran. 70: 261.1970; Tzvelev, Poaceae URSS 294.1976; Tutin in Tutin et al., Fl. Fur. 5:245.1980.

Tufted, shortly rhizomatous perennial; culms 45-180cm high, usually erect. Leaf-blades flat, 10-30cm long, 5-15mm wide, glabrous. Panicle ovate or pyramidal, 10-40cm long, very lax and up to 20 cm wide, the branches in groups of up to 6, flexuous, spreading or deflexed. Spikelets 3-4mm long, pale green, rarely purple; glumes ovate to ovate-elliptic, membranous with hyaline margins; lemma slightly shorter than the glumes or as long as them.

Fl. & Fr. Per.: July-August.

Type locality: Europe.

Distribution: Pakistan (Punjab, N.W.F.P. & Kashmir); Europe, temperate Asia and North America.

Wood Millet is common in mesophytic forests, especially in Kashmir. 2000-4000m.


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