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Pakistan | Family List | Poaceae | Paspalum

Paspalum scrobiculatum Linn., Mant. 1:29. 1767. Blatter & McCann, Bom┬Čbay Grasses 136. 1935; Bor, Fl. Assam 5:253. 1940; Sultan & Stewart Grasses W. Pak.1:38. 1958; Bor, Grasses Burma Ceyl. Ind. Pak. 340. 1960, Bor in Rech.f., Fl. Iran.70:495. 1970; Clayton in Kew Bull. 30:101 1975.

Vern.: Koda.

  • Paspalum cartilagineum Presl
  • Paspalum commersonii Lam.
  • Paspalum kora Willd.
  • Paspalum orbiculare Forst.
  • Paspalum polystachyum R.Br.
  • Paspalum scrobiculatum var. commersonii (Lam.) Stapf

    Perennial; culms 10-150 cm high, 1-6 mm in diameter, 2-17-noded, the nodes commonly exposed, erect, or ascending from a procumbent base and rooting at the lower nodes. Leaf-blades linear, 5-40 cm long, 3-15 mm wide, tapering to a filiform tip. Inflorescence composed of 1-20 racemes, these digitate or borne on an axis up to 8 cm long, the lowest raceme 4-15 cm long, with spikelets borne singly on a ribbon-like rhachis 1-2.5 mm wide. Spikelets broadly elliptic, obovate or suborbicular, 1.4-3 mm long, green, becoming brown; lower glume absent; upper glume papery; lower lemma similar or rarely coriaceous, 3-5-nerved (in the latter case the nerves evenly spaced or the laterals close together); upper lemma finely striate, brown at maturity.

    Fl. & Fr. Per.: April-May and again October-December.

    Type: India, cult. at Uppsala (LINN).

    Distribution: Pakistan (Sind); throughout the Old World tropics.

    This is a highly polymorphic species, but with the variation apparently quite continuous; possibly it is a swarm of apomicts (see Clayton 1975).

    It is sometimes cultivated as a hot weather crop, but under certain conditions the grain and fodder can be harmful.


     

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