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Pakistan | Family List | Poaceae | Phalaris

Phalaris arundinacea Linn., Sp. Pl. 1:55. 1753. Boiss., Fl. Or. 5:474. 1884: Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 7:221. 1896; Bor, Fl. Assam 5:165. 1940; Sultan & Stewart, Grasses W. Pak. 2:367. 1959; Bor, Grasses Burma Ceyl. Ind. Pak. 615. 1960; Bor in Towns., Guest & Al-Rawi, Fl. Iraq 9:362. 1968; Bor in Rech.f., Fl. Iran. 70:345. 1970; Tutin in Tutin et al., Fl. Eur. 5:244.1980.

  • Arundo colorata Ait.
  • Arundo riparia Salisb.
  • Calamagrostis variegata With.
  • Digraphis arundinacea (Linn.) Trin.
  • Typhoides arundinacea (Linn.) Moench.

    Perennial from scaly creeping rhizomes. Culms 50-150 cm tall. Leaf-blades up to 20 cm long and 15 mm wide. Panicle 7-40 cm long, dense, lobed or interrupted, with short branches up to 5 cm long, these spreading at anthesis but otherwise contracted about the main axis. Glumes 3.5-7.5 mm long, acute, wingless or with a very narrow and inconspicuous wing on the keel; sterile florets 2, subulate, 1.2-2.3 mm long, villous; fertile floret lanceolate, 2.7-4.5 mm long, dull yellow to grey-brown, sparsely pubescent.

    Fl. & Fr. Per.: May-July.

    Type: Sweden (LINN).

    Distribution: Pakistan (Punjab & Kashmir); North temperate regions, now intro¬duced to most parts of the world.

    Reed Canary Grass is found growing on stream banks and in marshes. It is said by Hubbard to be a good grazing or hay grass when young. Probably native in Pakistan and Kashmir.


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