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Pakistan | Family List | Poaceae | Phleum

Phleum alpinum Linn., Sp. Pl. 1:59. 1753. Boiss., Fl. Or. 5:484:1884; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 7:236. 1896; Sultan & Stewart, Grasses W. Pak. 2:294. 1959; Bor, Grasses Burma Ceyl. Ind. Pak. 402. 1960; Bor in Towns., Guest & Al-Rawi, Fl. Iraq 9:308. 1968; Bor in Rech.f., Fl. Iran. 70:288. 1970; Tzvelev, Poaceae URSS 367. 1976; Humphries in Tutin et al., Fl. Eur. 5:240. 1980.

  • Phleum commutatum Gaud.

    Loosely tufted, shortly rhizomatous perennial; culms 5-50 cm high, erect or ascending. Leaf-blades up to 17 cm long and 8 mm wide, the upper shorter than the lower, glabrous; upper sheaths slightly inflated; ligule up to 2 mm long, obtuse. Panicle 1-5(-6) cm long, 7-15 mm wide, broadly cylindrical to ovoid, usually purplish. Spikelets 3-55(-8.5) mm long (including awns); glumes truncate, stiffly ciliate on the keel, scabrid on the sides, the lower softly hairy on the margins; awn 1-3(-4) mm long, glabrous or ciliate; lemma two-thirds the length of the glumes, 3-5-nerved, minutely hairy on the nerves; anthers 1-1.5 mm long.

    Fl. & Fr. Per.: July-September.

    Type locality: Europe.

    Distribution: Pakistan (N.W.F.P. & Kashmir); throughout the Arctic regions and on mountains in the northern hemisphere, penetrating southwards to southern Chile along mountains in the New World.

    2000-4300 m.


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