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Pakistan | Family List | Poaceae | Phleum

Phleum pratense Linn., Sp. Pl. 1:59. 1753. Boiss., Fl. Or. 5:484. 1884; Bor, Fl. Assam 5:149. 1940; Bor, Grasses Burma Ceyl. Ind. Pak. 403. 1960; Bor in Towns., Guest & Al-Rawi, Fl. Iraq 9:312. 1968; Bor in Rech.f., Fl. Iran. 70:287. 1970; Tzvelev, Poaceae URSS 366. 1976; Humphries in Tutin et al., Fl. Fur. 5:240. 1980.

Loosely or densely tufted perennial; culms 6-150 cm high, erect or geniculately ascending, the lower nodes sometimes swollen and tuberous. Leaf-blades up to 45 cm long, 3-10 mm wide, scabrid on both sides or only in the upper part and on the margins; upper sheaths slightly inflated; ligule 1-6 mm long, obtuse. Panicle (1-)2-11(-30) cm long, 4-12 mm wide, cylindrical, green often tinged with purple. Spikelets 2-5.5 mm long (including awns); glumes truncate, stiffly ciliate on the keel, the lower softly hairy on the margins; awn 0.2-2 mm long; lemma two-thirds to three-quarters the length of the glumes, 5-7-nerved, minutely hairy; anthers c. 2 mm long.

Type locality: Europe.

Distribution: Pakistan (N.W.F.P., introduced); native in temperate Europe, but now introduced into most countries.

Timothy has been collected on only one occasion in Pakistan.


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