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Pakistan | Family List | Poaceae | Polypogon

Polypogon monspeliensis (Linn.) Desf., Fl. Atlant. 1:67. 1798. Boiss., Fl. Or. 5:520. 1884; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 7:245. 1896; Blatter & McCann, Bombay Grasses 207. 1935; Bor, Fl. Assam 5:154. 1940; Sultan & Stewart, Grasses W. Pak. 2:315. 1959; Bor, Grasses Burma Ceyl. Ind. Pak. 403. 1960; Bor in Towns., Guest & Al-Rawi, Fl. Iraq 9:318. 1968; Bor in Rech.f., Fl. Iran. 70:303. 1970; Tzvelev, Poaceae URSS 343. 1976; Tutin in Tutin et al., Fl. Eur. 5:235. 1980.

Vern.: Malhar.

  • Alopecurus monspeliensis Linn.

    Annual; culms 6-80 cm high, erect or geniculately ascending. Leaf-blades 5-20 cm long, 2-8 mm wide, rough; ligule 3-15 mm long. Panicle narrowly ovate to narrowly oblong, cylindrical or lobed, 1.5-16 cm long, 1-3.5 cm wide, very dense and bristly, pale green or yellowish. Spikelets 2-3 mm long; glumes slightly notched at the apex, rough with minute points especially in the lower part, minutely hairy on the margins, with a fine straight awn 4-7 mm long; lemma about half the length of the glumes, smooth, awnless or with an awn up to 2 mm long.

    Fl. & Fr. Per.: throughout much of the year, but mostly between March and July.

    Type: Europe, cultivated at Uppsala, Sweden, originating from Montpellier, France, Linnaeus (LINN).

    Distribution: Pakistan (Sind, Baluchistan, Punjab, N.W.F.P., Gilgit & Kashmir); northeast tropical and South Africa; Mediterranean region northwards to the British Isles and eastwards to India and China; introduced and naturalised in most warm temperate countries.

    Also recorded from Thatta district. Very common throughout Pakistan from the plains to 4000 m. Grown as an ornamental but often becoming a weed. Of little value for fodder.


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