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Pakistan | Family List | Poaceae | Sorghum

Sorghum nitidum (Vahl) Pers., Syn. Pl. 1:101. 1805. Blatter & McCann, Bombay Grasses 58. 1935; Sultan & Stewart, Grasses W. Pak. 1:96. 1958; Bor, Grasses Burma Ceyl. Ind. Pak. 245. 1960.

Vern.: Chhota baru.

  • Andropogon serratus Thunb.
  • Holcus nitidus Vahl
  • Sorghum serratum (Thunb.) O. Ktze.

    Perennial, without rhizomes; culms 1-2 m high, wiry, erect, bearded at the nodes. Leaf-blades up to 60 cm long and 15 mm wide; ligule short, scarious. Panicle lanceolate, 10-30 cm long, usually lax, sometimes dense, the branches simple, filiform and consipicuously whorled; racemes borne at the tips of the branches, composed of 2-4 spikelet pairs, with rufously ciliate internodes and pedicels. Sessile spikelet narrowly ovate, 3-4.5 mm long, the callus rufously bearded; lower glume coriaceous, glossy, dark brown to black, rufously pubescent mainly above the middle; upper lemma muticous or with an awn 7-17 mm long. Pedicelled spikelet similar in size to the sessile, but papyraceous, light brown and awnless. 2n=20.

    Type locality: India.

    Distribution: Pakistan (Punjab, N.W.F.P. & Kashmir); India to China and Australia.


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