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Pakistan | Family List | Poaceae | Themeda

Themeda anathera (Nees ex Steud.) Hack. in DC., Monogr. Phan. 6:669. 1889. Sultan & Stewart, Grasses W. Pak. 1:124. 1958; Bor, Grasses Burma Ceyl. Ind. Pak. 246. 1960; Bor in Rech. f., Fl. Iran. 70:547. 1970.

Vern.: Loonder.

  • Androscepia anathera (Nees ex Steud.) Anderss.
  • Androscepia anathera var. glabrescens Anderss.
  • Androscepia anathera var. hirsuta Anderss.
  • Anthistiria anathera Nees ex Steud.
  • Themeda anathera var. glabrescens (Anderss.) Hack.
  • Themeda anathera var. hirsuta (Anderss.) Hack.

    Densely tufted perennial with creeping rhizome; culms 30-120 cm high, erect or geniculately ascending. Leaf-blades flat, up to 30 cm long and 4 mm wide. False panicle 20-30 cm long, compound, loose, the racemes solitary or paired; spatheole 1.5-2 cm long, usually tinged with grey, red or purple, glabrous; raceme containing 2-4 fertile spikelets. Homogamous pairs separated by a short intemode 03-1 mm long; lower glume lanceolate, 5-8 mm long, glabrous to sparsely or densely tuberculate-ciliate. Sessile spikelet 5-7 mm long, dorsally compressed, with a blunt bearded callus c.l mm long; lower glume puberulous or subglabrous to tuberculate-ciliate especially on the keels; upper lemma lanceolate, hyaline, awnless. Pedicelled spikelet 6-8 mm long including the callus, puberulous to tuberculate-ciliate on the keels.

    Fl. & Fr. Per. June-October.

    Type: India, Wallich 8773 (K).

    Distribution: Pakistan (Baluchistan, Punjab, N.W.F.P. & Kashmir). Afghanistan eastwards through the western Himalays.

    Themeda anathera shows a great deal of variation in the indumentum of the spikelets. The involucral spikelets may be glabrous (var. glabrescens), or they may have submarginal tubercle-based hairs (var. submarginata of Grasses W. Pak. 1:126, original source unknown), or they may be dorsally tuberculate-ciliate (var. hirsute). Similarly the sessile and pedicelled spikelets may be puberulous or almost glabrous to densely tuberculate-ciliate especially on the margins; they may be the same or one hairy and the other not (the pedicelled spikelets do not necessarily lack the tubercle-based hairs as reported in Grasses W. Pak. 1:126).

    Themeda anathera is a good fodder grass.


    Related Objects  
  • Illustration (S. Hameed)
  • Illustration

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