All Floras      Advanced Search
Page 209 Login | eFloras Home | Help
Pakistan | Family List | Poaceae | Urochloa

Urochloa panicoides P. Beauv., Ess. Agrost. 53, t.11/1. 1812. Bor, Fl. Assam 5:261. 1940; Sultan & Stewart, Grasses W. Pak. 1:42. 1958; Bor, Grasses Burma Ceyl. Ind. Pak. 372. 1960; Bor in Rech.f., Fl. Iran. 70:483. 1970.

  • Panicum helopus Trin.
  • Panicum hirsutum Koen. ex Roxb.
  • Panicum javanicum Poir.
  • Panicum panicoides (P. Beauv.) Hitchc.
  • Panicum rothii Spreng.
  • Urochloa helopus (Trin.) Stapf
  • Urochloa marathensis Henr.
  • Urochloa marathensis var. velutina Henr.
  • Urochloa panicoides var. marathensis (Henr.) Bor.
  • Urochloa panicoides var. pubescens (Kunth) Bor
  • Urochloa panicoides var. velutina (Henr.) Bor
  • Urochloa pubescens Kunth

    Tufted annual; culms 10-100 cm high, often ascending from prostrate rooting base. Leaf-blades linear to narrowly lanceolate, 2-15 cm long, 5-15 mm wide, subamplexicaul, coarse, glabrous or pubescent, the margins tuberculate-ciliate at least near the base. Inflorescence of 2-7 (-10 or rarely more) racemes on a common axis 1-6 cm long; racemes 1-6 cm long, bearing single or sometimes paired spikelets on a narrowly winged rhachis, the pedicels (sometimes also the rhachis) with white hairs. Spikelets elliptic, (2.5-) 3.5-4.5 (-5) mm long, acute; lower glume ovate, a quarter to almost half as long as the spikelet, very rarely more, 3-5-nerved, obtuse to subacute; upper glume often with crossveins, glabrous or pubescent lower lemma sometimes with a setose fringe; upper lemma rugulose with a mucro 0.3-1 mm long.

    Fl. & Fr. Per.: July-September.

    Type: Mauritius, de Jussieu..

    Distribution: Pakistan (Punjab, N.W.F.P. & Kashmir); Sudan to Yemen and south-wards to South Africa: India; introduced to Australia.

    In common with several other species of the genus, Urochloa panicoides has forms with glabrous, pubescent or setosely fringed spikelets; they appear to be of no taxonomic importance.

    This is an excellent fodder grass for both cattle and horses, ascending to about 1500 m,mainly in cultivated land.


    Related Objects  
  • Illustration (S. Hameed)
  • Illustration

    Flora of China  
  • Illustration
  • Illustration

  •  |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |