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Pakistan | Family List | Poaceae | Vetiveria

Vetiveria zizanioides (Linn.) Nash in Small, Fl. Southeast U.S. 67. 1903. Blatter & McCann, Bombay Grasses 65. 1935; Bor, Fl. Assam 5:355. 1940; Sultan & Stewart, Grasses W. Pak. 1:98. 1958; Bor, Grasses Burma Ceyl. Ind. Pak. 258. 1960.

Vern.: Khas Khas.

  • Agrostis verticillata Lam.
  • Anatherum muricatum (Retz.) P. Beauv.
  • Andropogon muricatus Retz.
  • Andropogon squarrosus of Hook. f.
  • Phalaris zizanioides Linn.
  • Sorghum zizanioides (Linn.) O. Ktze.
  • Vetiveria muricata (Retz.) Griseb.
  • Vetiveria odoratissima Lem.-Lisanc.

    Tufted perennial; culms up to 2 m high. Leaf-blades up to 90 cm long, 4-10.5 mm wide. Panicle oblong, usually contracted, 13-30 cm long, its longest raceme up to 5(-7.5) cm long. Sessile spikelet 3.5-5 mm long including the callus; callus c. 1 mm long, glabrous, rounded to fit the slightly hollowed tip of the internode; lower glume spinulose; upper glume awnless; upper lemma awnless or shortly mucronate.

    Fl. & Fr. Per.: September.

    Type: India, Koenig,.

    Distribution: Pakistan (Punjab); India, Nepal, Burma, Ceylon and Southeast Asia; cultivated for its aromatic oils in tropical Africa and introduced to the West Indies.


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