2. Carex cruciata Wahlenb., Handl. 24: 149. 1803.
? C. condensata Nees in Wight, Contrib. Bot. India 123. 1834; R. R. Stewart, l.c. 75; T. Koyama, Cyperaceae, in Li & al., Fl. Taiwan 5: Pl. 1347. 1979.
Perennial, 40-90 cm. Rhizome long, woody. Stem 1.5-2.5 mm diam., noded, trigonous, smooth. Leaves longer than stem; sheaths dark, often disintegrating into fibres; blades 4-10 mm wide, folded, prominent nerves scabrous. Inflorescence 20-40 cm, partial inflorescences remote; partial inflorescences 2-6, ovoid-pyramidal, rather dense, lower long pedunculate, peduncles scabrous. Bracts longer than inflorescence, long vaginate. Spikes 5-6 mm, female and male parts almost equal; glumes ovate, mucronate, brown. Utricles longer than glumes, 3.5-4 mm, ovoid or ellipsoid, slightly inflated, pubescent above; beak abruptly contracted, often curved, scabrous, bidentate. Stigmas 3. Nut c. 2 mm, ovoid to ellipsoid, trigonous.
Fl. Per.: July-August.
Type: China, Kanton, Wännman s.n. (SBT, photocopy!).
Stony hillsides; Distribution: From Madagascar, Kashmir and India to Taiwan and Indonesia.
Reported from Kashmir as C. condensata by C. B. Clarke (l.c.) and Kükenthal (l.c.).
For variation in Himalayas, see Noltie in Fl. Bhutan 3,1: 378. 1994.