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Pakistan | Family List | Pakistan V. 206 | Cyperaceae | Cyperus

2. Cyperus digitatus Roxb., Fl. Ind. 1: 209. 1820; Kukkonen in Rech.f., l.c. 91; C.B.Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 6: 618. 1893; Valckenier Suringar, Het Gesl. Cyperus: t. 1, fig. 10; t.4, fig. 35. 1898; Camus, Fl. Gén. Indo-Chin. 7: fig. 9, 5-6. 1912; R.R.Stewart, l.c. 88. 1972.

Perennial, 60-150 cm. Rhizome short, horizontal, covered by brown or dark-brown scales. Stem 2-8 mm diam., trigonous, edges obtuse below, smooth, sides in upper part often concave. Leaves basal, shorter than stem; sheaths up to 20 cm, yellowish or brown, soft, one side scarious, mouth margin concave; blades 50 cm or longer, 6-12 mm wide, flat or folded, keeled, margins narrowly revolute, smooth or distally scabrous, apex long-attenuate, trigonous, scabrous. Inflorescence a compound anthelodium, 10-25 cm; bracts, 6-9 lowermost leaf-like, longest more than 50 cm; primary branches mostly 6-9, to 15 cm, with tubular prophyll up to 20 mm; secondary anthelodia 4-10 cm; cluster of spikes 30-50 mm long, with 30-60 spikes; spikes spirally arranged, reflexed, 7-13 x c. 2 mm, glume-like bract 1.5-2 mm, acute, glume-like prophyll 1.6-2 mm, binerved; rachis rigid, flat, reddish brown, internodes c. 1 mm; glumes 2.5-2.8 mm, acute, midnerve area green, sides with 2-3 conspicuous veins and often with reddish-brown zone, margins widely scarious, basal edges extending down to next node. Nut 1.3-1.5 x 0.4-0.5 mm, ovoid, trigonous, grey-brown, very finely reticulate.

Fl. Per.: July-August.

Type: "East India", Roxburgh; ex Hrb. Forsyth in Hrb. Bentham, (K!).

Open wet places, swamps, rice fields; Distribution: Pantropical; in SE Asia from Pakistan, India and Sri Lanka to S. China, Philippines, Malaysia and SE Australia.


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