Paris polyphylla Smith in Rees, Cyclop. 26(2). 1813. Hook. f., l.c. 362; Collett, l.c.531; Hutchinson, l.c.; R.R. Stewart, l.c.
Rhizome creeping, 1-2 cm thick. Adventitious roots fibrous. Stem up to 50 cm tall, 3-6 mm thick. Leaves 4-9; leaf 10.5-16.5 x 2.5-5.5 cm, lanceolate, glabrous, acuminate, venation reticulate; petiole short, 1-1.4 cm long. Flower-solitary, terminal, pedicellate; pedicel 3.5-5.5 cm long. Outer perianth segments leaf-like, 5-10.2 x 1.3-3.3 cm, green, acuminate, venation reticulate; inner segments linear, usually shorter, 1-2 mm broad, yellow or yellowish-green. Stamens as many as the perianth segments; filaments flattened, 5-6 mm long; anthers basifixed, linear, 8-9 mm long, dehiscence longitudinal. Ovary sub-globose, incompletely 4-5-locular; styles 4-5, free to the base, tips curved; ovules many in each locule. Fruit a fleshy capsule, sub-globose, c. 2.5 cm in diameter, 4-5-valved. Seeds numerous, ovoid, c. 4 mm long, testa pulpy, red.
Fl. Per.: April-May.
Type: Described from the Himalayas.
Distribution: Outer ranges of the Himalayas to Western China.
A rare species in Pakistan. Collected only once in Bagh Tehsil, near Dhuli, where it grows in shady forest.