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Pakistan | Family List | Zingiberaceae | Curcuma

2. Curcuma longa Linn., Sp. Pl. 2. 1753. J. L. Stewart, Punj. Pl. 238.1869; Baker in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 6:214.1890; Cook, Fl. Bomb. Pres. 3:238. 1907; Bailey, Stand. Cyclop. Hort. 2:917. 1919; R. N. Chopra, Nayyar, & I.C. Chopra, Gloss. Med. Pl. 85. 1965; Stewart, Ann. Cat. Vasc Pl. W. Pak. & Kashm. 66. 1972; Kazmi & A. Jehan in Sultania 3:56.1977; Burtt in Notes R. B. G. Edinb. 35:209.1977.

Common name: Turmeric. Vern.: ‘Haldi’.


  • Curcuma domestica Val.

    Up to 1.5 m. Leaves petiolate, lamina up to c. 50 cm long, lanceolate. Inflorescence borne centrally to the leaf tuft. All bracts greenish white, occasionally pink tinged. Flowers yellow-white.

    Lectotype: Manjella kua Rheede, Hort. Malab. 11:21 t. 11.1692.

    Distribution: Cultivated throughout the tropics. Cultivated in many parts of the Punjab and Hazara in Pakistan.

    The rhizomes, which are yellow inside, are powdered, used as a condiment and for medicinal purposes. Also used as a yellow dye.


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