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Pakistan | Family List | Orchidaceae | Coeloglossum

Coeloglossum viride (L.) Hartmann, Hand. Skand. Fl. 329. 1820. Kitamura l.c. 34; R. R. Stewart, l.c. 67; J. Renz, in Rech.f., l.c. 59.


  • Coeloglossum bracteatum (Muhlenb. ex Willd.) Parl.
  • Coeloglossum bracteatum var. kashmiricum Soo
  • Coeloglossum kashmirianum Schltr.
  • Habenaria viridis (L.) R. Br.
  • Platanthera viridis (L.) Lindl.
  • Satyrium viride L.

    Plants 7-25(-40) cm tall. Sem leafy. Leaves 3-4(-5), narrowed towards the long sheathing base, 7 x 2(-3) cm, the lower elliptic-oblong, obtuse, the upper oblong-lanceolate, acute. Inflorescence rather dense, short, 3-6(-13) cm long. Lower bracts lanceolate, exceeding the flowers, sometimes up to 4-7 cm (C. bracteatum Parl.). Flowers green to yellowish-green, ± suffused with reddish-brown or red-brown. Perianth segments forming a semiglobular hood. Dorsal sepal ovate-obtuse, 3.5-5.5(-6) x 2.5-3.5(-4) mm; lateral sepals obliquely ovate, 5-6(-7) x 2.5-3(-4) mm. Petals linear-lanceolate, 5(-6) x 1 mm. Labellum 6-8(-9) mm long, linear-oblong, flat, 3-dentate at apex, lateral lobes 1-3 mm long, always longer than the tooth-like, rarely hardly developed mid-lobe, at base with median keel and 2 lateral keels joining the sides of the column. Spur 2 mm long, flattened, 1.5 mm broad, obtuse. Ovary slightly twisted.

    Fl. Per.: July.

    Type: Described from Europe (Hb. Linn. 1055/3, photo!).

    Distribution: Europe, C. Asia. In the Himalaya Mts. from Pakistan to Bhutan; S.E. Tibet up to 4000 m.


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    Photos by The Biodiversity of the Hengduan Mountains Project  
  • Image/JPEG (David Boufford)
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  • Image/JPEG (David Boufford)
  • Image/JPEG
  • Image/JPEG (David Boufford)
  • Image/JPEG

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