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Pakistan | Family List | Labiatae | Leucas

6. Leucas cephalotes (Roth) Spreng., Syst. Veg. 2: 743. 1825. Benth. in DC., Prodr. 12: 532. 1848; J. L. Stewart in Journ. Agr. Hort. Soc. India 1, 1: 99. 1867; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 4: 689. 1885; Mukerjee in Rec. Bot. Surv. Ind. 14, 1: 168. 1940; Wealth of India, Raw Materials 6: 79. 1962; Press in Hara et al., Enum. Fl. Pl. Nepal 3: 156. 1982.

Vern. "Chara": "Gut Dode".

I.C. Hedge

  • Leucas capitata Desf.
  • Phlomis cephalotes Roth

    Annual. Stems erect, unbranched or with few branches, 10-50 cm, leafy, pubescent with spreading and adpressed retrorse hairs. Leaves narrow oblong-elliptic, cuneate, subentire to slightly crenate, up to 8 x 2 cm, with long and short eglandular hairs denser below; petiole on lower leaves sub-absent to c. 5 mm. Verticillasters 1-2 on branches, globose, 2-3.5 cm in diameter, up to 50-flowered. Bracts numerous, imbricate, narrow, ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, equalling calyces, ciliate on margins. Calyx 12-15 mm, tubular, slightly curved, clearly nerved, with a slightly oblique mouth, distinctly hairy at throat, with eglandular and sometimes also with very short glandular hairs; teeth 10, subequal, shortly triangular, mucronulate, c. 1 mm. Corolla c. 15 mm, upper lip bearded; lower lip dearly longer than upper. Nutlets narrow oblong, bluntly trigonous, c. 3 x 2 mm.

    Fl. Per.: July-October.

    Type: "In India oriental" Heyne (B?).

    Distribution: E. Afghanistan, Pakistan, Kashmir, Assam, Deccan.

    The spreading and retrorse stem hairs, the numerous imbricate bracts and the few large verticillasters are characteristic features. R. R. Stewart (1972) notes it as a "common hot weather field weed". Used as a culinary herb.


    Related Objects  
  • Illustration (M. Rafiq)
  • Illustration

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