Cedrela toona Roxb. ex Willd. in Ges. Naturf. Fr. Neue. Schr. 4: 198. 1803. Hiern, l.c.; Brandis, l.c.; Bamber, Fl. Punj. 43. 1916; Parker, l.c. 71.
Trees, 18-20 m tall. Leaves paripinnate, 30-55 cm long; leaflets lanceo¬late, elliptic-ovate, 2.5-12.5 cm long, 1-4 cm broad, acuminate, margin slightly wavy to entire. Panicles drooping, slightly shorter than the leaves. Flowers creamish, pedicellate; pedicel 1 mm long, puberulous. Clayx lobes obovate, 1 mm long, margin ciliate. Petals 6 mm long, oblong to obovate. Stamens 5-6, free, inserted on the disc; filaments 3-4 mm long; anthers 1.5 mm long, anthers 1.5 mm long oblong, dorsifixed. Disc orange-coloured, 5-6-lobed, pubescent, fused with the ovary. Ovary hairy. Capsule c. 2 cm long, 5-valved, brown when dry. Seeds 1.4 cm long, winged at both ends.
Fl. Per. March & April.
Type : Madras, November 6, 1799, Rottler (B-not seen).
Distribution: Burma, Java, Australia, W. Pakistan and India.
The "Indian Mahagony" tree is cultivated in the plains and the foot-hills up to 1000 m. It yields a reddish timber of good quality used for making furniture, carvings and cigarette boxes. The sweet scented flowers yield a dye and the bark is used in medicine.