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Pakistan | Family List | Poaceae | Halopyrum

Halopyrum mucronatum (Linn.) Stapf in Hook., Icon. Pl. 25:t.2448. 1896. Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 7:328. 1896; Blatter & McCann, Bombay Grasses 242. 1935; Sultan & Stewart, Grasses W. Pak. 2:240. 1959; Bor, Grasses Burma Ceyl. Ind. Pak. 516. 1960; Bor in Rech.f., Fl. Iran. 70: 426. 1970.

  • Brizopyrum mucronatum (Linn.) Nees
  • Desmazeria unioloides Defl.
  • Eragrostis mucronata (Linn.) Defl.
  • Uniola mucronata Linn.

    Tough stoloniferous perennial, the stolons rooting to form dense tussocks; roots thick and tomentose; culms up to 1 m or more high, rigid, woody, branching, producing fascicles of shoots at the nodes. Leaf-blades up to 45 cm long, involute or opening out and up to 4 mm wide, stiff, mostly glaucous. Inflorescence linear to narrowly lanceolate, 1040 cm long, the branches loosely 3-7-spiculate. Spikelets 8-25-flowered, lanceolate to ovate or oblong, 12-26 mm long, 5-7 mm wide, straw-coloured or tinged with purple; glumes narrowly ovate, 6-9 mm long, coriaceous, acute; lemmas lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, 7-9 mm long, asperulous or very minutely hairy; callus and rhachilla-tip bearded with white hairs 4-5 mm long.

    Fl. & Fr. Per. March-September.

    Type: India, Burman (missing from LINN).

    Distribution: Pakistan (Sind); Egypt to Mozambique and Madagascar, through Arabia to India and Ceylon.

    A grass of coastal sand-dunes.


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