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Pakistan | Family List | Rubiaceae | Mitragyna

Mitragyna parvifolia (Roxb.) Korth., Obs. Naucl. Ind. 19. 1939. Cooke, Fl. Pres. Bomb. 2: 581. 1903; Parker, For. Fl. Punj. ed. 2. 280. 1924; Ridsdale, l.c. 63; Bamber, Pl. Punj. 1: 1916; Gandhi & Saldanha in Nicolson, Fl. Hassan Dist. 581. 1976.


  • Nauclea parvifolia Roxb.
  • Stephegyne parvifolia (Roxb.) Korth.

    Deciduous tree, up to 30 m tall, trunk short. Stipules 7.15-42.5 mm, oblong or elliptic. Leaves 5-12 (-15) x 2.5-8 (-10) cm, elliptic, obovate, ovoid or orbicular, rounded, acute-shortly acuminate at apex, oblique at base, with 6-8 pairs of lateral nerves, glabrous above, glabrous or pubescent on nerves beneath, petiole 6-20 mm long. Heads terminal and solitary or rarely simple thyrse or panicles of 3-5 heads, generally subtended by two narrow bract like leaves. Peduncle 7-10 mm long, glabrous, heads 8-10 mm in diameter, bracteoles spathulate, 2-2.5 mm long, keeled, usually ciliate on margins and keel. Hypanthium 1.5 mm long, glabrous; calyx-lobes minute, truncate or shortly 5-toothed, c. 0.2-3 mm, margin ciliate. Corolla greenish or cream colour; tube funel-shaped, 4-5 mm long, hairy within and glabrous outside, lobes nearly half the length of the tube, ciliate along the midrib inside. Anthers exserted, c. 1.5 mm long, spreading. Style 4-5 mm, exserted; stigma 1.5-2 mm long. Capsule 3-5 mm long, ridged.

    Fl. Per.: April-Oct.

    Type: Roxburgh s.n., Ex 316/26 Herb. Smith (LINN).

    Distribution: India (Central and South), Pakistan (Punjab and Sind), Burma, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh.

    The wood is moderately hard and even grained, used for making various type of utensils and agricultural purposes. Not a common species becoming frequent in east of Punjab.


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