11. Rumex conglomeratus Murr., Prodr. Stirp. Goett. 52. 1770; Losinsk. in Kom., Fl. URSS 5: 470. 1936; Rech.f. in Tutin et al., Fl. Europ. 1: 87. 1964; Fl. Iran. 56: 15. 1968; Kitamura, Fl. Afgh. 95. 1960;Cullen in P. H. Davis, Fl. Turk. 2: 289. 1967; Munshi & Javeid, Syst. Stud. Polygon Kashm. Himal. 90. 1986; Chaudhary, Fl. King. Saud. Arab. 1: 310. 1999.
R. nemolapathum Ehrh., Beitr. 1: 181. 1787. R. glomeratus Schreb., Spicil. Fl. Lips. Index 155 nr. 300. 1771. R. paludosus Withering, Bot. Arr. Brit. Pl. ed. 2: 354. 1796. R. acutus Sm. in Hook. Fl. Brit. 1: 391. 1800.
Perennial. Stem erect, 40-100 cm high, divided from below the middle in numerous widely arcuate-divaricate branches. Basal leaves rather small, up to 16 x 5 cm, narrowly oblong-ovate, flat, with slightly cordate or truncate base and ± acute apex, petiole about as long as the blade; stem leaves upwards gradually smaller and with shorter petiole. Flower whorls numerous, all clearly separated from each other, all supported by a small lanceolate acute short petioled leaf. Pedicels short, about as long as the valve, articulate near the middle or slightly below. External perianth segments slightly longer than the breadth of the valves. Valves 2.5-3.2 x 1-1.7 mm, lingulate, entire, all grain bearing; grain very prominent, oblong-ellipsoid, covering a large part of the valve. Nut 1.3-1.7 mm long, dark brown, broadest slightly below the middle.
Type: Germany: Goettingen. herb. ign.
Distribution: C. and S. Europe, Mediterranean, SW and C. Asia - widely distributed as an alien.
Rare species in our area, known from Kashmir only.