3. Carex myosurus Nees, Contr. Bot. India. 122. 1834.
C. eminens Nees in Wight, Contr. Bot. Ind.: 122. 1834; C. myosurus Nees var. eminens (Nees) C.B. Clarke in Fl. Brit. Ind. 6: 723. 1894; R.R.Stewart, l.c. 723; Boott, Ill. Genus Carex 2: tab. 229, 230, 232. 1860.
Perennial, to 1.5 m. Stem up to 4 mm diam., noded with long internodes, obtusely trigonous. smooth. Rhizome conspicuous, rather short, lignified. Leaves as long as stem; sheaths long, reddish, finally reticulate fibrous; blades long-attenuate, 5-10 mm wide, flat or margins revolute, margins and adaxial side scabrous towards apex. Inflorescence large paniculodium, simple or with 5-9 partial inflorescences; spikes 4-6 cm, cylindrical, androgynous, female part 1/3-1/2 of spike length, lower spikes long pedunculate. Bracts with long sheats. Glumes 2.5-4 mm, oblong-ovate, mucronate to aristate, redding brown, hyaline margin narrow. Utricles 3-4.5 mm, subovoid to ellipsoid, slightly scabrous above, stipitate, lateral nerves prominent, hispid above; beak 0.7-1 mm, abruptly contracted, bifid. Stigmas 3. Nut 2-3 mm, ellipsoid to obovoid, trigonous.
Syntypes: India, Madras, Wight 1913; “Ind. or. in montibus Dingigul”, 2000 ft, Wallich 3384.
Damp open slopes. Fl.Per.: August-September; Distribution: From S. India to Kashmir, eastwards to Indonesia.
Reported by Clarke (l.c. 723) and Kükenthal (l.c.) for Kashmir as C. myosurus Nees var. emineus Nees) C.B.Clarke.
For variation of the species, see Kern & Nooteboom in Fl. Malesiana 9,1: 138. 1979 and Noltie in Fl. Bhutan 3,1: 381. 1994.