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Pakistan | Family List | Poaceae | Brachiaria

Brachiaria reptans (Linn.) Gardner & Hubbard in Hook., Icon. Pl. 34: t. 3363. 1938. Bor, Fl. Assam 5:276. 1940; Sultan & Stewart, Grasses W. Pak. 1:32. 1958; Bor, Grasses Burma Ceyl. Ind. Pak. 285. 1960; Bor in Rech.f., Fl. Iran. 70:478. 1970.

  • Brachiaria prostrata (Lam.) Griseb.
  • Panicum prostratum Lam.
  • Panicum reptans Linn.
  • Urochloa reptans (Linn.) Stapf

    Annual, usually with decumbent stems rooting at the nodes; culms 15-60 cm high. Leaf-blades narrowly lanceolate to lanceolate, 2-7 cm long, 3-15 mm wide. Inflorescence of 5-15 racemes on an axis 1-8 cm long; racemes 14 cm long, bearing paired spikelets crowded on a triquetrous rhachis with hirsute pedicels. Spikelets narrowly ovate to broadly elliptic, 1.5-2.2 mm long, glabrous, acute, without a stipe; lower glume one eighth to a quarter the length of the spikelet, hyaline, clasping, truncate (sometimes a little longer and broadly ovate); upper lemma rugose, subacute, mucronulate.

    Fl. & Fr. Per.: June-October.

    Type: Jamaica, Browne (LINN).

    Distribution: Pakistan (Sind, Baluchistan, Punjab & N.W.F.P.); tropical Asia; introduced throughout the tropics.

    A good fodder grass whose grain has been used as food in times of famine.


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