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Pakistan | Family List | Poaceae | Calamagrostis

Calamagrostis epigejos (Linn.) Roth, Tent. Fl. Germ. 1:34. 1788. Boiss., Fl. Or. 5: 525. 1884; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 7:260. 1896; Sultan & Stewart. Grasses W. Pak. 2:298. 1959; Bor, Grasses Burma Ceyl. Ind. Pak. 396. 1960; Bor in Towns., Guest & Al-Rawi, Fl. Iraq 9:299. 1968; Bor in Rech. f., Fl. Iran. 70:267. 1970; Tzvelev, Poaceae URSS 316. 1976; Clarke in Tutin et al., Fl. Eur. 5:237. 1980.

  • Arundo epigejos Linn.

    Tufted perennial with creeping rhizomes; culms 60-200 cm high, erect, rather stout, rough beneath the panicle. Leaf-blades up to 70 cm long, 3-14 (-20) mm wide, flat or weakly convolute, firm ± scaberulous; ligule 4-12 mm long, acute becoming lacerate. Panicle erect, narrowly lanceolate to oblong, 15-30 cm long, dense to very dense and spike-like, often tinged with purple. Spikelets 4.5-7 mm long, the rhachilla not or rarely shortly prolonged; glumes subequal, linear-lanceolate, scaberulous; lemma about half the length of the glumes, smooth, 2-toothed at the tip; awn 1-2.5 mm long, arising at or near the middle of the lemma, scarcely projecting beyond the glume tips; callus hairs 2-3 times the length of the floret.

    Fl. & Fr. Per.: July-August.

    Type: Europe (LINN).

    Distribution: Pakistan (N.W.F.P. & Kashmir); throughout Europe eastwards to eastern Asia; var. capensis Stapf in East and South Africa.

    A plant of dryish habitats of little account as fodder. 1800-4000 m.


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