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Pakistan | Family List | Orchidaceae | Eulophia

1. Eulophia graminea Lindl. (ex Wall., Numer. List: 246, n. 7372. 1832, nom. nud.), Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. 183. 1833. Hook. f., l.c. 2; King & Prantl., Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard Calcutta 8:178. Pl. 238.1898; J. Renz, l.c. 142; Seidenlfaden & Arora, Nord. J. Bot. 2:16.1982.


Plants with scape separate form shoot with many linear-lanceolate, persistent leaves. Scape lateral, exceeding the leaves, slender, up to 60-80 cm, with scattered, broadly ovate, c.10 mm long sheaths. Inflorescence lax, ± branched. Bracts lanceo¬late, acuminate, 5-8 mm long. Flowers spreading, greenish with darker purple, netted veins; sepals lanceolate, acuminate; petals somewhat broader, acute. Labellum 12 mm long, 3-lobed; side-lobes pale green to purplish, small, triangular- oblong, obtuse; mid lobe pale rose, subrotund, with undulate margins; disk in centre between side-lobes with 3-5 purple nerves, getting densely fimbriate on mid-lobe. Spur cylindric, 3-4 mm long, slightly dilated at apex. Column 4-5 mm. Ovary glabrous, with equally long, hardly twisted pedicel; ripe seed-capsule enlarged.

Fl. Per.: March-May; in lower regions, November to January.

Type: “Hab. in Singapur, Wallich.”.

Distribution: Kashmir, eastwards to Burma, Thailand, Malaya, also Sri Lanka, Nikobar Isl., Phillipines, Taiwan.

Closely related to Eulophia epidendraea (Koen.) C.E.C. Fischer (1928); according to U.C. Pradhan, Indian Orchids 2:450. 1979, even identical. The latter is leafless when in flower, as opposed to Eulophia graminea.


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