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Pakistan | Family List | Acanthaceae | Hygrophila

2. Hygrophila polysperma (Roxb.) T. Anders. in J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 9: 456. 1867. Boiss., Fl. Or. 4:519. 1879; Clarke in Hook. f., l.c. 406; Cooke, Fl. Pres. Bomb. 2: 429. 1906; Maheshwari, Fl. Delhi 269. 1963; Rech. f., Fl. Iran. 24: 4. 1966; Stewart, l.c. 677.


  • Hemiadelphis polysperma (Roxb.) Nees
  • Justicia polysperma Roxb.

    A small, much branched, unarmed procumbent herb with upto 30 cm long branches rooting at the nodes and pubescent near apex. Leaves opposite, subsessile, oblong-ovate, 1-3.5 cm x 4-10 mm, mostly glabrous or puberulous, margins entire, ± obtuse at the apex. Flowers white to pale-blue or violet, c. 8 mm long, in axillary and terminal, up to 8 cm long spikes; bracts broadly elliptic, subacute; bracteoles linear, 4-5 mm long, pubescent. Calyx 5-lobed to the middle, lobes linear, c. 2 mm long, hairy, scarious-ciliate on margins, acute. Corolla pubescent, tube c. 3 mm long, limb 2-lipped, upper lip 2-lobed, patent, lower lip shortly 3-lobed. Stamens 2 fertile and 2 staminodial, anthers oblong, ± divaricate basally. Ovary oblong, many-ovuled, hairy at tip; style filiform, c. 5 mm long. Capsule narrowly oblong, glabrous except the tip, more than 15-seeded. Seeds minute, ± orbicular.

    Fl. Per.: November-April.

    Type: In Bengalia locis incultis inter gramina tempore frigidis, Roxb., Icon. t. 1016 (K).

    Distribution: Indo-China, Burma, Bangla Desh, Bhutan, Nepal, India, Pakistan (Sind) and doubtfully Afghanistan.


    Related Objects  
  • Illustration (M. Rafiq)
  • Illustration

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