Prosopis glandulosa Torr. in Ann.Lyc.N.Y. 2:192. 1827. Parker,For. Fl. Punj.ed.3.200.1956.
A medium sized tree, thorns 0.7-5.0 cm long, axillary, stout. Leaves bipin¬nate, alternate, rachis 2.5-12.5 cm long, prolonged beyond the last pinnae as a soft bristle, swollen and glandular at the base, pinnae 1-2 pairs, 7.5-12.5 cm long, sometimes glandular between the leaflets. Leaflets subsessile, 8-18 pairs, c. 1.5-4.0 cm long, c. 1.5-5 mm broad, rather distant, linear, oblong falcate, usually acute. Inflorescence axillary pedunculate spikes, c. 7.5 cm long, solitary or in fascicles of 2-4; peduncle c. 5-18 mm long. Calyx c. 1-2 mm long, campanulate, 5-toothed, teeth ciliate or glabrous. Petals 3.5-4.0 cm long, oblong, hairy within towards the tips. Pods 12.5-20 cm long, 7-8 mm broad, linear, straight or falcate, compressed, turgid, pendulous, narrowed into a short stalk, exocarp coriaceous, mesocarp pulpy, endocarp cartilaginous surrounding each seed separately. Seeds 12-20.
Fl. Per. March-September.
Distribution: Native of Southern United States and Northern Mexico. Naturalized in Punjab and Sind.
The wood is largely used for fence posts and the plant in general is considered useful as firewood and makes good charcoal.