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Pakistan | Family List | Acanthaceae | Crossandra

Crossandra infundibuliformis (L.) Nees in Wall., Pl. Asiat. Rar. 3:98. 1832. in DC., Prodr. l.c.; Bailey, Encyc. Hort. 1: 901. 1950; Man. Cult. Pl. rev. ed. 916. 1951; Maheshwari, Fl. Delhi 275. 1963.

Vern.: Aboli.


  • Crossandra axillaris Nees
  • Crossandro undulaefolia Salisb.
  • Justicia infundibuliformis L.
  • Ruellia infundibuliformis (L.) Andrews

    A small glabrous, evergreen undershrub, up to 1 (-1.5) m tall with terete branchlets. Leaves crowded near the spike, on 1-4 cm long petiole; lamina ovate-elliptic to lanceolate-oblong, 5-10 x 2-5 cm, basally attenuate, glabrous, margin undulate-crenate, acute at tips. Spikes dense, terminal and axillary, up to 15 cm long. Flowers bright orange-scarlet with yellow throat; bracts lanceolate, 12-15 x 4-5 mm, mucronate, glandular-pubescent to glabrescent; bracteoles linear-lanceolate, hairy, mucronate. Calyx lobes hairy, lanceolate, 7-9 mm long, outer 2 obtuse or bifid, inner smaller. Corolla tube c. 2.5 cm long, limb c. 1.5 cm long. Stamens inserted at the middle of tube. Ovary 2.5-3 mm long; style filiform, up to 2 cm long, glabrous. Capsule oblong, 10-12 mm long, glabrous. Seeds densely clothed with fringed scales.

    Fl. Per.: December-March

    Type: Herb. Linn. 28.6 (LINN).

    Distribution: India, Sri Lanka, Nepal; cultivated elsewhere.

    Grown in gardens as an ornamental.


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