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Pakistan | Family List | Combretaceae | Terminalia

Terminalia arjuna (Roxb. ex DC.) Wight & Arm, Prodr. 314. 1834. Clarke in Hook.f.,l.c.447; Dalz. & Gibson, Bomb. Fl.91.1861; Cooke. l.c.509.; Parker l.c., 240., R.R.Stewart, l.c.

Vern.: Arjun.

  • Pentaptera arjuna Roxb. ex DC.
  • Terminalia glabra Wt. & Arn.
  • Terminalia urjan Royle

    A large tree, up to 6-15 (-25) m tall with smooth, pale greenish to whitish grey bark. Leaves usually subopposite, oblong-elliptic or somewhat sub-orbicular, 7-18 (-25) cm long, 4-6 cm broad, obtuse, rarely subacute with rounded or cordate base, glabrous to subglabrous above, partially pubescent beneath, entire somewhat crenate or serrate in the upper half or throughout, petiole 5-10 mm long with 2 (-1) rounded glands at the apex. Inflorescence axillary or terminal paniculate spikes, 3-6 cm long, 1 cm broad. Bracteole small, deciduous, linear lanceolate. Flowers yellowish white, sessile. Hypanthium broadly campanulate, 4-5 mm long, teeth triangular c. 15 mm long, glabrous. Stamens much exserted. Ovary glabrous; disc barbate. Fruit ovoid-oblong, 2.5-5 cm long, brown with 5 project┬Čing wings, wings striated with 5 ascending veins.

    Fl. Per.: April-May.

    Type: Described from India.

    Distribution: India and Ceylon; cultivated in the plains of Pakistan as a shade tree.


     

    Related Objects  
  • Illustration (Azmat)
  • Illustration

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