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Pakistan | Family List | Fagaceae | Quercus

Quercus dilatata Royle, Illust. Bot. Himal. Mount. 2: t. 84. fig. 2. 1836. Hook. f., l.c.; Brandis, For. Fl. 482 and Ind. Trees 627; Collett, l.c. 474; Kanjilal, l.c. 402; Parker, l.c. 496.

Vern.: ‘Barungi, Mom’.

Tree up to 20 m tall. Leaves elliptic-ovate to broadly lanceolate, coriaceous, 4-12 x l.6-5.5 cm, entire to spiny toothed, acute or obtuse; nerves 9-12 pairs, forked at the extremities, both surfaces green, glabrous, glaucous, base often oblique; petiole 0.3-l cm long, glabrous. Male flowers in lax catkins, up to 5 cm long; bract lanceolate, c. l.5 mm long, shorter than the perianth, tomentose; stamens 4-8, sub-sessile; anthers glabrous. Styles 3-5. Cupule 2-2.4 cm broad, covering half the nut, pubescent. Nut ovoid, brownish, glabrescent, tipped with an umbo.

Fl.Per.: April-May.

Type: Described from the Himalayas.

Distribution: Afghanistan, Pakistan, temperate Himalayas from Kashmir to Nepal.

The ‘Holly Oak’ is fairly common in the Murree Hills, the Hazara Dist. and Swat from 1600-2900 m. The leaves are used for fodder. The wood is used as firewood and for making charcoal.


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