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Pakistan | Family List | Acanthaceae | Strobilanthes

2. Strobilanthes atropurpureus Nees in Wall., Pl. Asiat. Rar. 3: 86. 1832. in DC., Prodr. 11: 195. 1847; Clarke in Hook. f., l.c. 472; Bamber, Punj. Pl.190. 1916; Collett, Fl. Siml. 374. 1902 p.p.; Blatter, Beaut. Fl. Kashm. 2:103; Parker, For. Fl. Punj. 3rd. ed. 384. 1956; Banerjee in J. Bomb. Nat. Hist. Soc. 55: 256. 1958; Stewart in Nasir & Ali, Ann. Cat. Vasc. Pl. W. & Kashm. 678. 1972; Hara in Hara et al., Enum. Fl. Pl. Nep. 3: 144. 1982.

Vern.: Mashin.


  • Ruellia atropurpurea

    An erect, up to 90 cm, perennial shrublet with succulent, 4-angled or deeply 4-furrowed, white pubescent twigs. Leaves almost glabrous, subsessile or with up to 8 cm long, winged petiole; lamina of lower leaves on sterile shoots elliptic-oblong, 25-30 x 6-8 cm, long acuminate, lamina of flowering shoot leaves ovate or ovate-lanceolate, 3-7.5 x 2.5-3 cm, crenate to sharply serrate. Flowers blue to dark blackish-blue, 2.5-3 cm across, solitary or paired, in interrupted leafy, up to 15 cm long spikes; bracts foliaceous, up to 2.5 cm persistent; bracteoles linear-oblong, hairy. Calyx 5-lobed to the base, c. 1.2 long, lobes linear-oblong, c. 8-10 mm long, ± obtuse, patently glandular-hairy, slightly enlarged in fruit. Corolla 2.5-4.5 cm long, glabrous externally, tube pale to nearly white, cylindrical below, curved above, hairy within, limb lobes subequal, obtuse. Filaments hairy, anthers muticous at base. Style tips recurved. Capsule oblong, 1.6-1.8 cm long, 4-seeded, glabrous. Seeds c. 3 mm hairy.

    Fl. Per.: June-October.

    Type: Central Nepal, Wallich 2398 (K-W).

    Distribution: Pakistan, N. India, Nepal and Bhutan.

    Under-collected from our area although common and gregarious from 1300 to 3600 m from Indus eastwards in the forest undergrowth. It flowers in abundance at intervals of nearly 12 years (Parker l.c.).


    Related Objects  
  • Illustration (M. Rafiq)
  • Illustration

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