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Pakistan | Family List | Poaceae | Brachypodium

Brachypodium distachyon (Linn.) P. Beauv., Ess. Agrost. 101, 155. 1812. Fl. Or. 5:657. 1884; Sultan & Stewart, Grasses W. Pak. 2:202. 1959; Bor, Grasses Burma Ceyl. Ind. Pak. 449. 1960; Smith in Tutin et al., Fl. Fur. 5:190. 1980.

  • Brachypodium distachyon var. hispidum Pamp.
  • Bromus distachyos Linn.
  • Festuca distachyos (Linn.) Roth
  • Trachynia distachya (Linn.) Link
  • Trachynia distachya var. hispida (Pamp.) Bor in Towns.
  • Zerna distachyos (Linn.) Panz. ex Jacks.

    Tufted annual; culms up to 40 cm high, but usually much less, geniculately ascending, rarely erect, glabrous with the upper internodes smooth or scabrid or rarely pubescent throughout. Leaf-blades up to 12 cm long and 4 mm wide, flat, lanceolate-acuminate, rather stiff, glaucous; loosely pilose, scabrid-pectinate on the margins, sheaths loosely to densely pilose. Inflorescence with 1-3 spikelets crowded at the tip of the peduncle. Spikelets 2-3 cm long, slightly compressed, oblong-lanceolate, 10-16-flowered, glaucous; glumes unequal, hairy or glabrous, the lower lanceolate, acute, 5-6 mm long, 5-nerved, the upper lanceolate-oblong, acute, 7-8 mm long, 7-nerved; lemmas lanceolate-oblong, involute, 7.5-10 mm long, glabrous or with a few stiff bristles to pubescent, tipped by an awn up to 15 mm long; anthers 0.5-1 mm long.

    Fl. & Fr. Per.: April-May.

    Type locality: Southern Europe, Orient.

    Distribution: Pakistan (Punjab, N.W.F.P. & Kashmir); Mediterranean region; South west and Central Asia; introduced elsewhere.


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