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Pakistan | Family List | Poaceae | Eragrostis

Eragrostis superba Peyr. in Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien. Math: Nat. 38: 584. 1860. Bor, Grasses Burma Ceyl. Ind. Pak. 513. 1960; Bor in Rech.f., Fl. Iran. 70:434. 1970.

  • Eragrostis elata Munro ex Ficalho & Hiern
  • Eragrostis platystachys Franch.
  • Uniola jardinii Steud.

    Caespitose perennial; culms 20-120 cm high, erect. Leaf-blades flat, up to 40 cm long and 10 mm wide, firm, glaucous. Panicle lanceolate to broadly ovate, 10-30 cm long; primary branches stout, usually with secondary branchlets but sometimes almost raceme-like, the spikelets on short pedicles 1-5 mm long. Spikelets 6-28 (-47)-flowered, narrowly ovate to suborbicular, 6-16(23) mm long, 3-10 mm wide, strongly flattened, green tinged with brownish purple, disarticulating below the glumes at maturity and falling entire; glumes lanceolate in side-view, subequal, 24 mm long; lemma narrowly ovate in side-view, 3-4.5 mm long, strongly keeled, the keel scaberulous, narrowly obtuse; palea 2-nerved, the nerves thickened, cartilaginous and bearing a hyaline minutely ciliolate wing; anthers 3, 2 mm long. Caryopsis ellipsoid, 1-1.5 mm long.

    Type: Angola, Wawra 244 (W).

    Distribution: Pakistan (Sind, introduced); a native of tropical and South Africa; an exotic introduction in India and Pakistan.

    Known in South Africa as Hartjesgras, it is said to be a moderately good species for pasture and for making into hay.


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