All Floras      Advanced Search
Login | eFloras Home | Help
Pakistan | Family List | Salvadoraceae | Salvadora

Salvadora oleoides Decne. in Jacquem., Voy. Bot. 139. t. 144. 1844. Clarke in Hook. f., l.c. 620; Talbot, l.c. 202; Cooke, l.c. 183; Jafri, l.c. 206.

Vern. Jhal, Khabbar, Pilu.

  • Salvadora stocksii Wight

    A shrub or tree; branches stiff, rough, whitish. Leaves coriaceous; petiole .2-l.2 cm long; lamina 1.5-7.5 cm long, .4-1.5 cm broad, elliptic-lanceolate, mostly acute, rarely obtuse or mucronate glabrous with obscure lateral veins. Inflorescence axillary panicles, or branched spikes, 2.5-4 cm long. Flowers greenish white, 2-3 mm across; pedicel c.1 mm long or absent. Calyx 1.5-2 mm long, with round lobes and wavy margin, divided nearly half way down, glabrous. Corolla c. 2.5 mm long, obovate or oblong; lobes sub-acute and recurved. Stamens 4, inserted at the base of the corolla tube. Style absent, stigma peltate. Fruit a drupe, 5 mm in diameter, globose, yellow on maturation.

    Fl. Per. March June.

    Syntypes: “Sylvassaepe ingentes constituens in declivit. occidentalibus Jumnae et Hyphasis, Jacquemont (P); ad Khitul et Pallinlah, Jacquemont (P); in arenosis salinis Penjabiae, Jacquemont (P); frequens inter Agrah et Delhi usque ad desertum Bihassir, Jacquemont (P).

    Distribution: West Pakistan, India (Gujrat, Junagarh, Rajputana) and Aden.

    Wood is used as fuel. Branches and leaves serve as camel fodder. The sweet fruits are eaten and seeds yield a green oil, which is said to be medicinal.


    Related Objects  
  • Illaustration (Azmat)
  • Illustration

  •  |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |