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Pakistan | Family List | Capparidaceae | Cleome

Cleome brachycarpa Vahl ex DC., Prodr. 1: 240. 1824. Boiss., Fl. Or. 1: 412. 1867, Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 1: 169. 1872; Pax & Hoffm. l.c. 213; Elffers et al, l.c. 7; Hedge & Lamond, l.c. 20.

Vern. Ponwar

  • Cleome brachycarpa var. glauca Blatter & Hallb.
  • Cleome brachycarpa var. longipetiolata Sabnis
  • Cleome moschata Stocks ex T. Anders.
  • Cleome ruta Camb.
  • Cleome vahliana Fresen.

    Perennial (or annual) herbs often perennating with a woody base, viscid-pubescent, suberect or erect, up to 50 cm tall, branched mostly from below, very rarely subglabrous or apparently glaucous. Leaves 3-5-foliolate, lower petiolate, uppermost ternate to simple and subsessile; leaflets oblong, obovate or linear-lanceolate, 5-15 (-20) mm long, 2-4 (-8) mm broad, petiole up to 25 mm (rarely upto 35 mm) long. Racemes lax, bracteate; bracts leafy. Flowers 6-8 mm across, yellow; pedicel 10-15 mm long, filliform, smooth. Sepals 2-3 mm long, c.1-1 mm broad, elliptic-lanceolate, usually glandular. Petals 6-8 mm long, 2-2.5 mm broad, a minute scale-like appendage present at the base towards the inner side. Stamens 6, shorter than the petals.

    Gynophore inconspicuous, about 1 mm long. Capsules 5-8 (-10) mm long, 2-3 mm wide, oblong, densely glandular; style persistent, 3-4 mm long; seeds many 0.5-0.8 mm in diam., finely rugulose, maroon-brown, glabrous.

    Type: Arabia, Yemen, Lohaja, Forsskhal (BM).

    Distribution: Trop. and N. Africa, Egypt, Arabia, Iran, Afghanistan, W. Pakistan, and India.

    It is a fodder for sheep & goats.


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