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Pakistan | Family List | Moringaceae | Moringa

Moringa concanensis Nimmo ex Dalz. & Gibs., Bomb. Fl. 311. 1861. Stewart & Brandis, For. Fl. 130. 1874; Hook. f., l.c. 45; Hook., l.c. Pl. 26: t. 2596.1899; Talbot, Fl. Bomb. Pres. and Sind 1: 365. 1911; Cooke, Fl. Bomb. Pres. 1: 301. 1958; Parker, For. Fl. Punj. ed. 118.3: 1956 (Reprinted).

Vern. Mahua in Sind.

A small tree with thick bark, glabrous, except younger parts and inflorescence. Leaves bipinnate (very rarely tripinnate), c. 45 cm long, rachis articulated, occa¬sionally with stipitate gland at articulation. Primary pairs 5-6, distant, 10-20 cm long; leaflets 4-6 pairs with an odd one, broadly elliptic to orbicular, entire, obtuse at both ends, often emarginate at the apex, 2.5-3.8 cm long, 1.25-2.5 cm broad, pale beneath; with 4-6 pairs of rather distinct lateral nerves, petiolule articulated, 2-8.5 mm long. Inflorescence lax, panicles up to 45 cm long, tomentose. Flowers small, pedicel .8-1.3 cm long in fruit, deflexed thickened, articulated at the base; bracts minute, caducous. Calyx 5-lobed, minutely tomentose, lobes oblong, white, reflexed, 8.5-12.5 mm long. Petals yellow, with red or pink veins, oblong or oblong-spathulate, the lower c. 9 mm long. Perfect stamens 5, alternating with 4-5 much smaller staminodes. Pod linear, 30-45 cm long, sharply 3-angled. long pointed, somewhat lomentoid, valves hard, 1.2-1.7 cm broad; seeds trian¬gular, with a very thin, hyaline, wing at each angle, 1.5-2 cm long, white or pale yellow.

Fl. Per. Oct.-Dec.

Type: India, Concan, in the jungles near Penn, Kolaba Distr. Nimmo (presen¬tly untraceable).

Distribution: India (Rajputana), W. Pakistan (Baluchistan and Sind).

Horse-radish odour is much powerful than the last species. Not common and perhaps confined to certain localities only (Tharparker) in W. Pakistan.


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