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Pakistan | Family List | Sapindaceae | Sapindus

Sapindus trifoliatus Linn., Sp. Pl. 367. 1753. Hiern in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 682. 1875.

  • Sapindus laurifolius Vahl

    A large tree. Leaves 15-30 cm long; leaflets sub-sessile, 2-3 pairs, 8-18 cm long, 5-7.5 cm broad, elliptic-lanceolate, glabrous, entire, acute, base slightly oblique, terminal pair longest. Flowers greenish-white, in terminal, slightly pubescent panicles; bract 1; bracteoles 2, 1 mm long, subulate, pubescent; pedicel 3 mm long, pubescent. Sepals 5, slightly connate at the base, 4-5 mm long, ovate-oblong, pubescent. Petals 5, free, 5-6 mm long, lanceolate-ovate, clawed, hispid. Disc 5-lobed, concave hirsute. Stamens 8, free; filaments 2-3 mm long, villous; anthers 1.5-2 mm long, basifixed, api¬culate. Ovary 3-locular, 3-lobed, ovoid, c. 3 mm long, tomentose, with 1 ovule in each locule; style 1.5 mm long. Fruit 2-3 lobed, 1.3-2 cm long, pubescent when young, hard and glabrous when mature. Seed 1 in each cell, 6-9 mm long, black.

    Type: “Hab. in Malabaria.”.

    Distribution: Bengal, S. India and Ceylon.

    In West Pakistan the tree is not common. The wood is hard and used for making various small articles. The root, bark and fruit are used in native medicine; the fruit also serves as a substitute for soap.


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