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Pakistan | Family List | Zygophyllaceae | Fagonia

Fagonia indica Burm. f., Fl. Ind. 102. tab. 34. fig. 1. 1768. Hadidi in Candollea 21 (1): 27. 1966; in Rech. f., Fl. Iran. 98:5. tab. 5. 1972; in Tackholm, Stud. Fl. Egypt ed. 2. 304. 1974.

Fagonia indica var. schweinfurthii

Credit: Shaukat

Annual to perennial, covered with whitish pruinose or sessile glands or glabrous shrublet. Stem basally somewhat woody, branches procumbent or erect, cylindrical, striate, internodes 2.5-5 cm long. Leaves mostly unifoliolate or basal ones trifoliolate and upper unifoliolate, leaflets linear-oblong or lanceolate, 6-35 mm long, 3-4 mm broad, mucronate, short to long petioled or sessile; stipular spines awl shaped, patent to ascending, equal to shorter than leaves, occasionally deficient or minute. Flowers mediocre, c. 1.2 cm across, pinkish-purple; pedicel 4-6 mm long. Sepals ovate, c. 3-4 mm long, c. 1.5 mm broad, glandular outside, acute, persistent. Petals spathulate, c. 6 mm long, c. 3 mm broad, obtuse. Stamens with c. 6 mm long filaments. Capsule 3-4 mm long and broad, pubescent, pedicel equal to about twice as long as fruit.

Distribution: Indo-Pakistan subcontinent westwards to North and East tropical Africa in arid and semi-arid regions.

1 Lower leaves trifoliolate, upper unifoliolate; petiole 5-12 mm long   Fagonia indica var. schweinfurthii
+ All leaves unifoliolate; petiole less than 4 mm long   (2)
2 (1) Leaflets less than 8 mm long. Capsule 3 mm long and broad   Fagonia indica var. aucheri
+ Leaflets more than 8 mm long. Capsule 4-5 mm long and broad   (3)
3 (2) Stipular spines minute or deficient, not exceeding petiole. Fruit pedicel twice the size of capsule   Fagonia indica var. subinermis
+ Stipular spines well developed, much longer than the petiole and equal to shorter than leaves. Fruit pedicel equal to or slightly longer than the capsule   Fagonia indica var. indica

Lower Taxa

Related Synonym(s):


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