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Pakistan | Family List | Sterculiaceae | Brachychiton

Brachychiton australis (Schott & Endl.) Terr. in Boll.,Ort. Palermo. 1:62. 1947. S. Abedin ,l.c.41.

  • Brachychiton platanoides R.Br.
  • Brachychiton trichosiphon (Benth.) J.W.Audas
  • Sterculia trichosiphon Benth.
  • Trichosiphon australe Schott & Endl.

    A deciduous tree, with somewhat bottle shaped trunk. Leaves with 4.5-12 cm long petiole; lamina deeply palmately 5-7-lobed, 6-10 cm long, 10-16 cm broad, glabrous on both sides; lobes broadly lanceolate, ovate, rhomboid or somewhat rectangular, acute, acuminate or cuspidate. Raceme short. Flowers brownish, pubescent, becoming rusty when dry; pedicel 5-10 mm long, articulate. Calyx tubular-campanulate, white, 1.5-2 cm long, 1-1.5 cm across, lobed half way down; lobes lanceolate. Stamens hairy. Ovary tomentose, 2-3 mm long; styles free, cohering above. Follicles shortly stalked, oblong-triangular, 5-7.5 cm long, glabrous.

    Fl.Per.: February-April.

    Type: Described from Australia.

    Distribution: A native of Australia, cultivated in Pakistan and elsewhere.

    Seeds yield red coloured oil possessing high saponific value and is used for making oil cake in Australia.


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