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Pakistan | Family List | Poaceae | Dactyloctenium

Dactyloctenium scindicum Boiss., Diagn. ser. 2, 4:131. 1859. Boiss., Fl. Or. 5: 557. 1884; Blatter & McCann, Bombay Grasses 264. 1935; Sultan & Stewart, Grasses W. Pak. 2:251. 1959; Bor, Grasses Burma Ceyl. Ind. Pak. 489. 1960; Bor in Rech.f., Fl. Iran. 70: 440. 1970.

  • Dactyloctenium glaucophyllum Courb.
  • Dactyloctenium glaucophyllum var. elongation Courb.
  • Dactyloctenium glaucophyllum var. robustior Courb.
  • Eleusine glaucophylla (Courb.) Benth.
  • Eleusine scindica (Boiss.) Duthie

    Stoloniferous perennial forming extensive spreading mats; culms slender with swollen bases, 7-45 cm high, erect. Leaf-blades flat or loosely folded, tough and rather glaucous, 1-11 cm long, 1.5-3 mm wide, scattered papillose-hispid especially along the margins. Inflorescence composed of 34(5) slightly falcate oblong spikes 0.8-2 cm long forming a compact head, the spikes readily disarticulating at maturity from the top of the culm. Spikelets 3-9-flowered, broadly lanceolate to ovate, 4-8 mm long; glumes broadly elliptic in profile, the lower 1.7-2.5 mm long, the keel narrowly winged, the upper 1.5-2.3 mm long, the prominent scabrid keel extended into an awn half to as long as the glume; lemmas lanceolate in profile, 3-3.8 mm long, obtuse to acute with the scabrid keel extended into a mucro up to 0.8 mm long; palea-keels finely scabrid, unwinged; anthers 1.1-2 mm long. Grain 0.7-1 mm long, transversely rugose.

    Fl. & Fr. Per.: September-May.

    Type: Pakistan, Sind, J.E. Stocks 637 (G, K) misquoted by Boissier as Griffith 637.

    Distribution: Pakistan (Sind, Baluchistan, Punjab & N.W.F.P.); Kenya north to the Sudan and eastward to Northwest India.

    This is a well defined species readily recognised by its small tufts of often rather glaucous leaves on spreading stolons, by its long anthers, and by the compact inflorescence of short falcate spikes. It is cosidered to be a good fodder grass.


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