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Pakistan | Family List | Poaceae | Tetrapogon

Tetrapogon villosus Desf., Fl. Atlant. 2:389, t.255. 1799. Boiss., Fl. Or. 5:555. 1884; Duthie, Fodder Grasses 55. 1888; Sultan & Stewart, Grasses W. Pak. 2: 242. 1959; Bor, Grasses Burma Ceyl. Ind. Pak. 475. 1960; Bor in Rech.f., Fl.Iran. 70:448. 1970; Tzvelev, Poaceae URSS 638. 1976.

Vern.: Sager

  • Chloris villosa (Desf.) Pers.

    Densely tufted perennial with erect 34-noded culms up to 40 cm high; nodes black and prominent. Leaf-blades 2-10 cm long, 1-2.5 mm wide, acute or obtuse; sheaths very strongly flabellate at the base of the culm. Spikes exserted, paired, dorsally adpressed, rarely separating at maturity, 2-8 cm long, pallid or purple-tinged. Spikelets 4-6-flowered, all florets awned, the lowest 1-3 fertile; glumes dissimilar, the lower ovate-lanceolate, 2-3 mm long, acuminate, the upper ovate or elliptic-oblong, 3-4 mm long, abruptly acute, obtuse or truncate with the nerve excurrent; lowest lemma ovate-elliptic, 2.511 mm long, with long spreading cilia on the lateral nerves and keel and with an awn 8-10 mm long; upper 2-3 florets sterile and reduced to glabrous lemmas. Grain of lowest floret ovate-oblong.

    Fl. & Fr. Per March-September.

    Type: Tunisia, Desfontaines (P).

    Distribution: Pakistan (Sind, Baluchistan, Punjab, N.W.F.P., Gilgit & Kashmir); tropical Africa eastwards to India and westwards to North Africa and the Canary Islands.

    A common grass of desert areas and dry mountain slopes,


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