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Pakistan | Family List | Poaceae | Pennisetum

Pennisetum divisum (Gmel.) Henr. in Blumea. 3:162. 1938. Sultan & Stewart, Grasses W. Pak. 1:64. 1958; Bor, Grasses Burma Ceyl. Ind. Pak. 344. 1960; Bor in Towns., Guest & Al-Rawi, Fl. Iraq 9:496. 1968; Bor in Rech. f., Fl. Iran.70:500. 1970.

  • Gymnothrix longiglumis Munro ex Hook. f.
  • Panicum dichotomum Forssk.
  • Panicum divisum Gmel.
  • Pennisetum dichotomum (Forssk.) Delile
  • Pennisetum elatum Hochst. ex Steud.

    Perennial with short woody rhizomes; culms woody, suffruticosely branched throughout, erect or ascending, up to 1 m high or more (occasionally up to 2 m). Leaf-blades up to 7.5 cm long, 1-1.5 mm wide, tightly convolute, pungent (rarely up to 15 cm long and loosely rolled), glaucous, equalling or considerably shorter than the sheath; sheaths usually slightly inflated, the lower, especially those subtending branches, characteristically shedding their blade and becoming loose and brown. Panicle oblong, 5-12 cm long; rhachis with shallow angular ribs below the cupular scars, scaberulous; involucre enclosing 1 sessile spikelet, the base with a short oblong stipe 0.5-1 mm long; bristles glabrous or occasionally the inner very obscurely ciliate, the longest 7-20 mm long. Spikelets narrowly lanceolate, 6.5-8.5 mm long; lower glume half to three-quarters the length of the spikelet, acute to acuminate, 1(-3)-nerved; upper glume nearly as long as the spikelet, acute or acuminate; lemmas similar, as long as the spikelet, lanceolate-acuminate, the lower male; anther tips without a tuft of hair.

    Fl. & Fr. Per.: January-April (-June), and again in September.

    Type: Arabia, Forsskal (C).

    Distribution: Pakistan (Sind, Baluchistan, Punjab & N.W.F.P.); North Africa; Middle East; India.

    A desert plant growing on sandhills, stony ground, among rocks and in dry stream beds.


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